Getting error1101 in app

Hello guys, I'm pretty new to nodeMCU and trying to make a nodeMCU controlled car. But I'm having a "Error 1101: Unable to get response from specified URL: http://x.x.x.x"

And actually I'm getting response from it as Arduino serial monitor shows. Still can't figure out what causes it.

Thanks in advance.

is it a valid URL?
if yes, are you using a local URL, which starts with 192.168.x.x? so why don't you reveal the URL? nobody else will be able to connect to your local network...
if yes, are you connected to your local network?

have you seen this example by @Juan_Antonio


I don't see a Web1.GotText event block.
Were you expecting responses?

I revealed the URL on 2nd screenshot. I'm using a local network.

I'm just trying to get data from that URL so that my motors will run. But I'm getting this Error 1101 and motors are not running. Here is the code:


but not in your blocks... you might want to upload an updated screenshot...
also follow the advice by @ABG

to find out if the url makes sense, use Do it...

use Do it to debug your blocks, see also tip 4 here
see also Live Development, Testing, and Debugging Tools

Trying to push the limits! Snippets, Tutorials and Extensions from Pura Vida Apps by icon24 Taifun.

Hi Salvinorin,
two things (and a suggestion):

  1. in your Arduino sketch are you using the "Motor_driving_functions" as pointers? If not, by using them without brakets, though the compiler does not issue an error, the runtime will not work (unless you set in the compiler options "message on all warnings")..
  2. in your app, why are you expecting an answer from Arduino, by using the Get instruction ? Since Arduino is not answering, the Get is waiting for an answer that will never arrive.
    I use a NODEMCU to drive a LED (on the Internet, so my addressing is slighly different, and I add a port in the IP address, but don't care about it), and I just send out the command as below:
    image and it works.
  1. Just an hint fom an "old embededd software programmer" : Your Arduino skecth could hang forever due to this instruction:
    while(!client.available()) delay(1);
    I guess your intention is to wait for an input from a client, but your code will not do anything else in the meanwhile it's waiting, and this in a real-time environment is not so nice.
    May I suggest to give it a timeout ? Something like:

//===Only for example : using a return to restart the loop() is not stylish :grin: ====

void loop() {
// Check if a client has connected
int i = 0;
WiFiClient client = server.available();
if (!client) {
// Wait until the client sends some data
while (!client.available()) {
if(i == 250) return; // if no answer within a timeout, exit the while and retries
// your code to be executed
} // end loop

Hoping it can help...

Thanks for the advices. I was going to try these but somehow my nodeMCU not connecting to any WiFi right now. Yesterday it was working without any problem. I tried WiFiScan and it still detects my networks.

I'll try these solutions when I fix that connection problem.

Why readStringUntil('\r')?
I would expect '\n' in a non-Windows environment.

If this is over HTTP, all lines are required to end in \r\n per the protocol. My guess is that the error 1101 is appearing due to the fact that no response is sent back to the client and this is confusing the Web component, as at a minimum it should get "200 OK HTTP/1.0\r\n" or similar, otherwise the response is "malformed".


Hello Salvinorin, here below you can find a NODEMCU code (written with Arduino IDE), which implements a web server in order to receive commands form a phone running the annexed .aia.
It is capable to receive commands sent on the internet. To this purpose I have added a port to the internet IP address of my router (not the LAN address 192.168.x.y, but the WAN one: see comments inside the .ino, here below on how to retrieve this address).
The app is sending commands to that address (and port) so to switch on and off the blue LED on the NODEMCU (GPIO16 = D0).
The format of the commands is explained in the code. Of course it can be modified to better suit your needs. The % character is used as a command terminator but you can use whichever you want.
As you can see everything is very basic, without sofisticated pieces of code, but it works. :grin:
It can be improved, by making a true password (the current one is fake) but for the time being I believe that no-one will be interested in attacking my IP:port to switch on and off a LED (at least, I hope :roll_eyes:)
I think that the comments inside the C code are clear enough, otherwise do not hesitate to ask more details..

The .aia contains the client App. Button 1 and 2 can switch on and off the blue LED, while buttons 3 and 4 send the command to drive the analogue output (not implemented yet, honestly I have to dig the NODEMCU datasheet because I know just a little of that board).
Anyway, it works: So I guess it could help you, or other guys who want to play with the IoT.

I'm pretty sure that there are already tons of papers and posts about this matter, but I think that my version is very (read: extremely) simple and can be a good basis for those who want to start from scratch and build a more powerful APP on it.

Stay tuned.

BTW: EWPatton is right, a response must be sent to the client... :ok_hand:

Web_Home_Adv_copy.aia (84.0 KB)

// WEB Server using an Arduino NODEMCU ESP-12E
// It receives the commands from the Internet and decodes them
// Sets/clears Digital outputs and (will) read and write Analogue Outputs (not Rev. 1)
// Each command is received in the form 01/D000/MD5PWD% 
//                                      channel/command/Password%(% => terminator) 
// Channel:  on two digits
// Command:  D = digital channel: 001 = set; 000 = clear; A = analogue channel, setting-range :  000 - 255  
// Password: is fake in Rev.1
// Terminator: is the "%" character
// Author: Ugo Schiara
// Date: 08/12/2020
// Rev: 1.0
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>

#define PH1 1 // position of first / separator
#define PH2 4 // position of second / separator
#define PH3 9 // position of third / separator
#define BLOCCA "MD5PWD%"   // password to enable action

const char* ssid = "YOUR_SSID";       // SSID of the home network (name of router SSID)
const char* password = "password";     // Password to access the internet
const char* host = "192.168.x.y";      // This is the address of the home router as seen from the LAN (not the WAN IP, to discover it use an IP finder like                                         
int ledPin = D0;        // to drive the led on the board

int fh = PH1+1;         // position of first data field
int sh = PH2+1;         // position of second data field
int th = PH3+1;         // position of third data field
int Pin_to_Drive = 0;   // digital Output channel. Buffer used when a set output commend is received

String Channel= "";     // channel to be driven
String Command= "";     // command type and value
String Crypto= "";      // encryption key
String req= "";         // buffer received
WiFiServer server(321); // assign a port number you like: to acces the nodeMCU from the external web, the client (i.e. the app made by MIT AI2) 
                        // shall address the IP address of the router as seen from outside plus ":port". For example

void setup() 
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);              // the output is reversed => 0 means LED on; 1 means LED off

  // Connect to WiFi network
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");

  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);

  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED)
    Serial.print(".");                  // prints  a dot until it hooks the router
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");

  // Start the server
  Serial.println("Server started");

  // Print the IP address
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());     // this is IP of the Node MCU assigned by the router.

void loop()

int i = 0;                                      // initializes timeout

  WiFiClient client = server.available();       // Check if a client has connected: something from the internet ?
  if (!client)
    return;                                     // Nothing from the web, retries (to be improved to avoid the return instruction not stylish nor MISRA)

  // Wait until the client sends some data
  while (!client.available())                   
    delay(1);                                   // something has arrived, give it time to stabilize  
    i++;                                        // but no more than 250 milliseconds  
    if(i == 250) return;                        // data not arrived within the timeout, discards and retries (to be improved to avoid the return instruction not stylish nor MISRA)

  // Read the first line of the request
  req = client.readStringUntil('\r');           // buffer received correctly, do the job
  if (req.indexOf("") != -10)                   // request to discard for favicon 
      //=========================================  only for debug purposes
      //  Serial.print("Ricevuto : ");
      //  Serial.println(req);
      //=========================================  only for debug purposes
    if (req.indexOf("%") != -1)                   //checks if a message has been received correctly the % character is the ending one
        i = req.indexOf("/");                     // finds the first separator
        req = req.substring(i-1);                 // backward one character 
        Channel = req.substring(fh,PH2);          // extracts the channel to be driven
        Command = req.substring(sh,PH3);          // extracts the type of command
        Crypto = req.substring(th);               // extracts the password (at this moment only fake)
 //======================================= for debug purposes only   
          Serial.print("canale : ");
          Serial.print("comando : ");
          Serial.print("cripto : ");
 //======================================= for debug purposes only   
        if(Crypto != BLOCCA)                      // if the password is recognized, do the job
           if (req.charAt(sh)== 'D')              // Digital channel to be driven
              DigitalCommand();                   // In or Out will be analyzed
           if (req.charAt(sh)== 'A')              // Analogue channel to be driven
            AnalogCommand();                      // In or Out will be analyzed
        else                                      // password not valid
            Serial.print("Invalid Password");
        }                 // message is a valid command or at least ends with a "%"
   }                      // request for favicon
    Serial.println("invalid request");        // buffer was not as expected

  // Prepare the response
  String s = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n";

  client.print(s);                             // Send the response to the client
  delay(1);                                    // give a breath

void DigitalCommand()
           if (req.charAt(PH3-1)== '1')       // if the last digit of the command field is a 1 then the output shall be set
           if (req.charAt(PH3-1)== '0')       // if the last digit of the command field is a 0 then the output shall be cleared

void   SetOnCommand()
       Pin_to_Drive = Channel.toInt();

void   SetOffCommand()
         Pin_to_Drive = Channel.toInt();

void AnalogCommand()
   Serial.println("Analogue command received");


Thanks for the advices guys. Especially thanks to you Uskiara that code will definitely help me. I will try these solutions when I fix my nodeMCU.

Hi Salvinorin,
maybe you can find some hints here:

or from there, you can browse some other web pages where you can get ideas to make your NodeMCU working again ... :smirk:
Best wishes.

Hello guys it's finally working. I don't know why but it didn't work over just nodeMCU so I tried to make it over arduino. Also changed nodeMCU to AP and made some changes on appblocks. Thank you all for your help.